Navajo National Monument

Navajo National Monument is located in the north of Arizona to the northeast of the Grand Canyon in the Navajo Nation. Stunning cliff dwellings from native ancient Pueblo people can be found here called Keet Seel, Betatakin, and Inscription House that date to around 1250-1300 C.E. The Pueblo fields were on the valley floor and rim portions of the park, and there were other structures on the valley floor that have not been preserved as well as the ones preserved under the cliff overhangs.

293 species of plants have been recorded at the Monument. Some very rare plants live here such as Alcove Bog Orchid (Platanthera zothecina) that is listed as Category 2 (species of special concern) by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and Category 3 (likely to become endangered) by the Navajo Nation. You can also find Colorado Plateau endemics such as Grand Canyon glowweed (Hesperodoria scopulorum) and Toft's Yucca (Yucca angustissima var. toftiae).

A unique relict riparian plant community in Betatakin Canyon below the cliff dwelling that is made up of Gambel oak (Quercus gambelii), Aspen (Populus tremuloides), Boxelder (Acer negundo), Horsetails (Equisetum hyemale), and False Solomon Seal (Maianthemum stellatum).

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