Euphorbiaceae (Spurge Family)

Characteristics of the Euphorbiaceae (Spurge) family

  • Herbs, shrubs, trees or vines
  • With latex, often white
  • Stems often succulent and fleshy
  • Leaves simple, two stipules often present (sometimes as two spines below each leaf)
  • Inflorescence cyme or cyathium
  • Flowers unisexual, 5-merous; sometimes highly reduced without sepals and petals
  • Nectaries common
  • Ovary superior, 3 carpels
  • Fruit a schizocarp, capsule, or drupe
Associated Plants